When a person violates his/her duty to others created under general (or statutory) law, a tort has been committed.
A person is negligent when he or she fails to act like the standard "ordinary reasonable person".
Comparative negligence comes into play when it is contended that two or more parties failed to perform at the standard of the "ordinary reasonable person".
Strict liability is a legal doctrine that makes some persons responsible for damages their actions or products cause, regardless of any "fault" on their part.
In an intentional tort, the person wants to cause consequences from his/her act or believes that the consequences of the act are reasonably certain to occur
Intervening Cause comes between one act (or failure to act) which alters the natural and continuous series of events that follows.
Proximate cause is the initial act which sets off a natural and continuous sequence of events that produces injury.