is Secondhand Smoke?
smoke is a mixture of the smoke given off by the burning end of a
cigarette, pipe, or cigar, and the smoke exhaled from the lungs of
mixture contains more than 4,000 substances, more than 40 of which
are known to cause cancer in humans or animals and many of which are
smoke is also called environmental tobacco smoke (ETS); exposure to
secondhand smoke is called involuntary smoking or passive smoking.
Effects of Secondhand Smoke:
developing lungs of young children are severely affected by exposure
to secondhand smoke because children are particularly vulnerable to
secondhand smoke. This is likely due to several factors, including
that children are still developing physically, have higher breathing
rates than adults, and have little control over their indoor environments.
Children receiving high doses of secondhand smoke, such as those with
smoking mothers, run the greatest relative risk of experiencing damaging
with asthma are especially at risk. EPA estimates
that exposure to secondhand smoke increases the number of episodes
and severity of symptoms in 200,000 to 1,000,000 children with asthma.
Moreover, secondhand smoke is a risk factor for new cases of asthma
in children who have not previously exhibited asthma symptoms.
EPA found that exposure to secondhand smoke causes increased risk
for Sudden Infant Death Syndrome.
and young children whose parents smoke are among the most seriously
affected by exposure to secondhand smoke, being at increased risk
of lower respiratory tract infections, such as pneumonia and
bronchitis. EPA estimates that secondhand smoke is responsible
for between 150,000 and 300,000 lower respiratory tract infections
in infants and children under 18 months of age, resulting in between
7,500 and 15,000 hospitalizations each year.
EPA found that exposure to secondhand smoke increases the risk for middle
ear infections in children.
smoke has been classified by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
(EPA) as a known cause of lung cancer in humans (Group
A carcinogen). In 2000, the National Institutes of Health formally
listed secondhand smoke as a known human carcinogen in its 9th Report
on Carcinogens. (NIH, 2000 http://www.nih.gov/news/pr/may2000/niehs-15.htm
smoke is estimated by EPA to cause approximately 3,000 lung
cancer deaths in nonsmokers each year.
EPA found that secondhand smoke causes increased risk of death from
by US EPA and California EPA Studies
Tobacco Free Coalition of Craighead County
Protecting Everyone's Right to Smoke-free Air
1401 W. Washington Avenue
Jonesboro, AR 72401
For more information, visit these
convenient links to tobaccofreejonesboro.com
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