PARIS (AP) - As airline losses from the volcanic ash cloud spiraled over $1 billion on Monday, the industry demanded EU compensation and criticized European governments for not using scientific measures to evaluate the ash and open up their airspace.
Shares of some European airlines fell as flight disruptions from the volcanic cloud moved into a fifth day, and the International Air Transport Association complained of "no leadership" from government leaders - one of whom admitted to EU dissension about how to respond.
"It's embarrassing, and a European mess," IATA CEO Giovanni Bisignani told The Associated Press. "It took five days to organize a conference call with the ministers of transport and we are losing $200 million per day (and) 750,000 passengers are stranded all over. Does it make sense?"
European civil aviation authorities held a conference call Monday about what steps could be taken toward opening airspace, and transport ministers from all 27 EU member states were to hold another later in the day.
Dominique Bussereau, France's transport minister, told reporters Monday that he had urged EU president Spain ever since Saturday to call the ministerial meeting immediately - but Madrid declined.
"Naturally, it would have been better if had taken place Sunday or Saturday," Bussereau said.
British Airways said airlines have asked the EU for financial compensation for the closure of airspace, starting last Wednesday. With London among the first hubs shut down, the British carrier said it's losing as much as 20 million pounds ($30 million) per day.
BA Chief executive Willie Walsh said European airlines have asked the EU and national governments for financial compensation for the closure of airspace. He pointed to a precedent: compensation paid to airlines after the closure of U.S. airspace following the Sept. 11, 2001 terrorist attacks.
"This is an unprecedented situation that is having a huge impact on customers and airlines alike," Walsh said. "We continue to offer as much support as we can to our customers, however, these are extraordinary circumstances that are beyond all airlines' control."
Environment Minister Jean-Louis Borloo - the No. 2 in the French Cabinet - said a meeting was planned Tuesday of French airlines, travel agencies and the government to examinepossible state aid to the industry.
"This aid will evolve of course based on the severity of the crisis. For that, we need a European pre-accord that we have obtained - an accord in principle so this sector aid can be allocated," Borloo told France's i-Tele.
The IATA, in a statement, called on governments to place "greater urgency and focus on how and when we can safely reopen Europe's skies" - such as through more in-depth study of the ash cloud.
"We have to not just use - as the Europeans were doing - a theoretical model, let's try to use figures and facts," Bisignani said." It means sending test planes at certain kinds of altitudes to check what was the situation with the ashes."
While the association says "safety is our top priority," Bisignani said in the statement that its member airlines have run test flights with no problems and "they report missed opportunities to fly safely."
Bisignani said that Europe - unlike the United States, for example - is "not well-equipped" when it comes to planes that can test the air quality in the skies. He estimated that once flights in Europe do resume, it would take three to six days for traffic to return to normal.
France's Borloo said disparate analyses needed to be brought together based on "real tests on real planes with real pilots," so some air "corridors" could be reopened.
"The issue today is not to reopen all European commercial airspace, the issue today is to increase the ability to reopen corridors to allow the general de-congestion of European traffic," he told reporters. "The desire of France - without taking risk - is to open corridors as much as possible and as quickly as possible."
Pierre-Henri Gourgeon, the No. 2 executive at Air France-KLM, said his company is losing €35 million a day and called for more test flights to see if routes are safe to fly. He said theFrench-Dutch carrier conducted five test flights on its own Sunday and planned another seven Monday.
Speaking to reporters Monday at Air France headquarters near Paris' main airport, Gourgeon said aviation authorities had relied on "insufficient" information when they imposed a near-blanket flight ban in some countries.