PARIS (AGFC) – In
the highest parts of Arkansas's Ozarks, the slow-moving Magazine
Mountain shagreen snail won the race to become the first invertebrate to
be delisted under the Endangered Species Act.
we are excited to announce that the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is
delisting the Magazine Mountain shagreen," said Cindy Dohner, Southeast
Regional Director. "The recovery of this species was made possible
through collaborative efforts of our partners at the Arkansas Game and
Fish Commission, U.S. Forest Service and the Arkansas Department of
Parks and Tourism to remove threats and protect the habitat of the
Magazine Mountain shagreen. The delisting of this snail is another
Endangered Species Act success story."
Endangered Species Act was enacted in 1973, the landmark legislation
allowed for the protection of wildlife, both vertebrates and
invertebrates (including snails, mussels, crustaceans, etc.), and
plants. In the south, the USFWS is working to recover more than 340
federally listed species – more than 100 of these are invertebrates.
Nationally, the USFWS is working to recover about 600 listed animals.
More than a third of them are invertebrates.
dusky brown or buff colored terrestrial snail, the Magazine Mountain
shagreen is only found on Magazine Mountain in Logan County. It
inhabits the mountain's north and west slopes above 2,200 feet. The
Forest Service owns Magazine Mountain and has designated portions of the
mountain as a Special Interest Area to protect the snail and its
habitat. The Arkansas Department of Parks and Tourism has a long-term
special use permit from the Forest Service to operate a state park on
the summit. The Forest Service also conducts annual surveys of the
Magazine Mountain shagreen's population and worked cooperatively with
the Arkansas Game and Fish Commission and the USFWS to fund life history
and ecology research. These studies increased the USFWS' knowledge of
the species' life history and more accurately mapped its habitat with
Mountain shagreen was listed as threatened in 1989. Annual monitoring
conducted by researchers indicates that Magazine Mountain shagreen
populations have remained stable since 1996. Additionally, a review of
the Magazine Mountain shagreen's status shows adequate regulatory
protection exists, and threats have been eliminated or reduced to the
point that the species has recovered and no longer meets the definition
of threatened under the Endangered Species Act.
Mountain shagreen prefers cool, moist conditions and lives within the
talus (a sloping mass of rock fragments at the foot of a cliff) slopes
of Magazine Mountain. It is not known how many talus slopes or acres
this species inhabited at the time of listing. Based on evaluation of
recent data, the Magazine Mountain shagreen currently lives on 27 talus
slopes on Magazine Mountain, cumulatively comprising about 22 acres.
These populations are now considered secure from threats as Magazine
Mountain is entirely owned and protected by the Forest Service and the
Arkansas Department of Parks and Tourism.
Magazine Mountain shagreen is being removed from the Federal List of
Endangered and Threatened Wildlife, Federal agencies will no longer need
to consult with the Service to ensure any action they authorize, fund,
or carry out is not likely to jeopardize the continued existence of this
species. The Service will continue to work with the Forest Service, the
Arkansas Department of Parks and Tourism and the Arkansas Game and Fish
Commission to implement a post-delisting monitoring plan for at least
five years following delisting.
Copies of the final rule and post-delisting monitoring plan are available on the Internet at the Federal eRulemaking Portal: http://www.regulations.gov
or by contacting Chris Davidson, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 110
South Amity Road, Suite 300, Conway, AR 72032 (phone: 501-513-4481; fax: